What diseases do urban birds carry, and how are they dangerous for humans?

Not many people are aware, but birds living alongside us in the city are not entirely harmless; in fact, they can pose significant harm to humans. In this article, we will discuss the damage urban birds can inflict and why it’s not advisable to handle or feed them.

Birds in the city can present specific dangers as they may carry various diseases. For example, pigeons can be a source of different infections, including campylobacteriosis and chlamydiosis, which can be transmitted to humans. Additionally, birds can act as carriers of ticks and other pests, increasing the risk of diseases. It is crucial to maintain cleanliness in the urban environment and adhere to hygiene measures to minimize potential risks.

In addition to the potential transmission of diseases, city birds can create other problems. For instance, their droppings may contain pathogens, contributing to water and soil pollution. This can lead to the spread of bacteria and other microorganisms in the environment, posing a threat to human health.

Pigeons, common inhabitants of urban areas, can become a source of allergens, causing various respiratory problems in humans. Furthermore, nests and feathers left by birds can trigger asthmatic reactions in some individuals.

Certain bird species, such as crows and ravens, may pose a threat to agricultural crops and urban gardens by damaging crops and destroying fruits. This can result in economic losses and inconvenience for city dwellers.

Seagulls can also be carriers of various diseases, especially when they are in proximity to inhabited zones. Their droppings may contain pathogens, posing a health risk to humans.

To mitigate these problems, it is important to take precautionary measures, avoid feeding birds in public spaces, and maintain cleanliness in areas where these birds frequently appear. Specialized programs for bird population management can also be implemented to minimize their impact on the urban environment. Additionally, minimizing risks associated with birds in the city involves regular cleaning of public areas, preventing pigeon and seagull congregations in urban areas, and adhering to hygiene standards. Seeking assistance from specialists in pest control can help prevent the spread of pests that may act as disease carriers.


Touching a street bird can pose certain health risks. Here are a few steps to take if you have touched a street bird:

Thoroughly wash your hands:
Immediately after contact with the bird, thoroughly wash your hands with warm water and soap for at least 20 seconds. This will help eliminate potential microbes or bacteria.

Use hand sanitizer:
If water and soap are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer to disinfect your hands.

Avoid touching your face:
Refrain from touching your face until you are sure your hands are clean. This helps prevent potential transfer of bacteria to your eyes, nose, or mouth.

Monitor your health:
Over the next few days, closely monitor your health. If symptoms such as fever, diarrhea, or unusual rashes occur, consult a doctor.

Seek medical advice:
In case of any concerning symptoms or if you know that the contact with the bird was particularly risky (for example, if it appeared sick or injured), it is recommended to consult a doctor for professional advice and possible medical recommendations.

Remember that preventive measures and adherence to hygiene rules after contact with street birds can help reduce the risk of potential infections.




Serravalle outlet
Genoa - Portofino
Genoa - Milan
Venice - Treviso Airport
Share This