The History of Pizza: From Antiquity to Modern Time

Ancient Roots (7th century BCE – 5th century CE)

Perhaps the origins of pizza can be traced back to ancient civilizations. In the 7th century BCE, ancient Greeks began making flatbreads with various toppings, including oil, herbs, and cheese. They called this dish “πλακοῦς” (plakous), which can be translated as “flat.” This flatbread served as a kind of precursor to the modern pizza.

Over time, ancient Romans also adopted this type of food. They added various ingredients to the flatbread, such as oil, herbs, onions, and meat. In late Roman society, there were even public bakeries where citizens could purchase ready-made “pizzas” for a quick meal.

Italian Roots (17th century – 18th century)

Official recognition of pizza came in the 17th century in Naples, Italy. The pizzeria “Antica Pizzeria Port’Alba,” opened in 1830, is considered the world’s first pizzeria. It offered its customers three types of pizza: margherita, marinara, and a classic with various toppings.

During this time, the standardization of pizza recipes began. For example, the margherita, dedicated to Queen Margherita of Savoy, consisted of tomato sauce, mozzarella, and basil, symbolizing the colors of the Italian flag.

Global Popularity (20th century)

In the early 20th century, Italian immigrants mass-migrated to the United States, bringing with them pizza-making traditions and culture. Pizza became popular in New York and Chicago, where distinct styles of preparing this dish emerged.

With the advancement of technology and the expansion of fast-food chains, pizza became accessible worldwide. Companies like Domino’s and Pizza Hut made pizza ubiquitous, offering delivery services and a variety of topping options.

Modern Trends (21st century)

Today, pizza is a diverse dish with variations found in various cuisines worldwide. Specialized pizzerias offer unique ingredient combinations, and pizza enthusiasts can enjoy a range of crust styles, from the classic thin crust to thick “Sicilian” style.

The history of pizza is a culinary journey that has transcended time and borders, evolving to become one of the most beloved dishes globally

A Culinary Journey Through Italian Pizza

Italian pizza, undoubtedly, stands as one of the iconic symbols of global cuisine. It captivates food enthusiasts worldwide with its diverse styles, flavors, and unique preparation traditions. In this guide, we embark on a delightful exploration of the world of Italian pizza, delving into various regions where one can savor distinctive variations of this beloved dish. Special attention will be given to the Liguria region and its contribution to the pizza scene.

Naples: The Cradle of Neapolitan Pizza

Naples, the birthplace of Neapolitan pizza, offers an authentic culinary experience. Thin crust, fresh San Marzano tomato sauce, and high-quality ingredients define this style. Pizzerias such as Da Michele and Sorbillo are renowned for their traditional presentation of this iconic dish.

Sicily: Thick Crust and Flavorful Richness

Sicilian pizza is famous for its thick crust and a variety of toppings. It can be sweet or savory, depending on the region. Valdemortello and its traditional Sicilian pizza provide an excellent choice for those looking to immerse themselves in the authentic flavors of Sicily.

Rome: Pizza al Taglio and a Variety of Toppings

Roman pizza, or “pizza al taglio” (pizza by the cut), draws attention with its thin crust and a diverse range of toppings. Often prepared in large rectangular sheets and sold by weight, this dish can be enjoyed in different variations at Pizzarium or Antico Forno Roscioli.

Liguria: Pursuing Culinary Refinement

Liguria, located in northwest Italy, might not be as famous for its pizza as other regions, but it has its treasures. Here, pizza often features a thin crust and a refined combination of ingredients. In popular establishments like Pizzeria Porto Antico in Genoa, you can relish the unique taste of Ligurian pizza.

Campania: In Search of the Perfect Neapolitan Pizza

Campania, the region encompassing Naples, is also celebrated for its pizzerias offering excellent Neapolitan pizza. Traditional bakeries like Di Matteo and L’Antica Pizzeria da Michele continue to delight patrons with classic flavors.

A Journey Through the Tastes of Italy

Italian pizza is not just a dish; it’s a story, a culture, and a passion. Each region contributes unique nuances to the world of pizza, making a culinary journey through Italy an exciting and flavorful experience. From the Neapolitan tradition to the diverse flavors of Sicily, from the traditional Roman pizza to the subtleties of Ligurian style— the choice is yours. Immerse yourself in this culinary adventure and discover the boundless world of Italian pizza



Dove si può mangiare bene in Italia


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